Urolithiasis in cats: causes, symptoms, treatment, prevention
Urolithiasis in cats (urolithiasis) - This is the formation of sand and stones in the kidneys or bladder, which during passage can be delayed in the ureters and urethra and accompanied by the release of blood into the urine.
Almost every third animal is susceptible to this disease.
Risk groups for urolithiasis in cats
- Cats are more susceptible to disease due to the structure of the urinary canals (narrow lumen of the urethra).
- Unsterilized cats. In non-sterilized animals, the risk of disease is doubled.
- Age category 2 - 6 years.
- Overweight animals.
- Cats with long hair.
- Cats are neutered.
Why do cats develop urolithiasis?
The causes of urolithiasis in cats and cats are divided into external and internal.
External causes of urolithiasis in cats:
- Climate (at high temperatures, urine becomes more concentrated, this leads to a decrease in urine filtration).
- Geochemistry (water saturated with calcareous salts leads to a decrease in urine pH; this results in the accumulation of calcium salts and kidney stones).
- Diet (with a high protein content in food, the concentration of urea in the urine increases). But its absence also leads to urolithiasis.
- Vitamin deficiency. A lack of vitamin A has a negative effect on the epithelial cells of the genitourinary system.
Internal causes of urolithiasis in cats:
- Hereditary predisposition.
- Imbalance of hormonal balance (in case of violation of the parathyroid gland, calcium balance is disturbed, and its concentration in urine and blood rises).
- Individual anatomical features of a cat.
- Disorders in the gastrointestinal tract (with gastrointestinal diseases, the pH balance is disturbed, and this leads to urolithiasis in cats).
- Infectious diseases of the genitourinary system
- Struvites. Phosphate stones are found in 80% of cases.
- Oxalates (calcium and oxalic acid salts) (older animals are susceptible.)
Symptoms of urolithiasis in cats
- Frequent licking under the tail.
- Frequent urination (long and in small portions).
- An admixture of blood in the urine.
- Sore urination (in the process, the cat screams).
- The cat becomes unclean.
- Urinary incontinence.
- Depressed state.
- Weight loss.
- Lack of urination.
- Vomiting, cramps.
Often the initial stages of the disease are asymptomatic.
Diagnosis of urolithiasis in cats
The diagnosis of "urolithiasis in a cat" can be made by an experienced specialist, based on the results of studies:
- Palpation of the abdominal cavity.
- Urine PH test.
In the diagnosis, it is important to differentiate urolithiasis from cystitis.
Treatment of urolithiasis in cats
Is it possible to cure urolithiasis in a cat?
The right treatment for urolithiasis in cats or cats can only be prescribed by a veterinarian, and you need to strictly adhere to the recommendations.
Is it possible to treat urolithiasis in cats at home with folk remedies?
Not! In this case, the risk of developing complications is great: rupture of the urine, stratification of a secondary bacterial infection, obstruction of the urinary canals, etc.
Therefore, it’s better not to risk it, and if alarming symptoms appear, contact the veterinarian as soon as possible!
But you can carry out the prevention of the disease yourself.
Prevention of urolithiasis in cats
purpose prevention of urolithiasis in cats - prevent the development of the disease. Prevention includes:
- Nutrition cats.
- Ample clean drink.
- Cat body weight control.
- Maintaining a microclimate in the apartment.